AZEMMOUR


AZEMMOUR
AZEMMOUR, city on the Atlantic coast of Morocco. In the 15th century Azemmour was a free city with 20,000 inhabitants, of whom 2,500 were Jews, mainly occupied as fishermen and craftsmen, and including wealthy merchants. Exiles from Portugal in 1496 found refuge there. It was subsequently raided by the Spanish, but the Jews were afforded protection by the Portuguese, who occupied Azemmour in 1513 without bloodshed. A grant of privileges was conferred on the Jews on June 14, 1514, which also fixed their annual tax payment. Joseph Adibe was appointed rabbi of Azemmour and invested with wide powers (c. 1512). The community flourished and prominent members included the families of Adibe, Roti, Valensi, Buros, Rodrigues, and Cordilha. Numerous marranos were welcomed in Azemmour and enabled to go to the interior where they could return to the Jewish faith. The community supported financially and diplomatically the pretensions of david ha-reuveni when he arrived in Portugal in 1525. Azemmour was captured by the Moors in 1541; during the siege John III ordered the evacuation of all Jewish non-combatants to Arzila, and compensated them for the losses they had incurred. A community was reestablished in 1780. Most of the more wealthy members immigrated to Mazagan c. 1820, after the sultan ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Hishām permitted Jews to trade there. Only the Jewish craftsmen remained in Azemmour, which continued to have a Jewish population until the emigration from Morocco after 1948. In 1968 there were no Jewish inhabitants in the town. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Corcos, in: Sefunot, 10 (1966), 63–69; Villes et tribus du Maroc, 2 (1932), 34, 40–48, 51–53, 56, 64; Hirschberg, Afrikah, 1 (1965), 311–3, 332; A. Baião, Inquisição em Portugal (1921), 128 and passim. (David Corcos)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Azemmour —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Azmour. Azemmour …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Azemmour — 33.5 8.5833333333333 Koordinaten: 33° 30′ N, 8° 35′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Azemmour — Infobox Settlement official name = Azemmour other name = Azamor native name = أزمور‎ nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = image blank emblem = blank emblem size = mapsize =… …   Wikipedia

  • Azemmour — Original name in latin Azemmour Name in other language Azemmour, Azimur, Azzegour State code MA Continent/City Africa/Casablanca longitude 33.28952 latitude 8.3425 altitude 28 Population 37140 Date 2011 07 31 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Azemmour plage — Azemmour  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Azmour. Azemmour vu de Oum Errabiaa Azemmour (en tifinagh …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kitesurfing locations — Essentially any locale with consistent, steady side onshore winds (10 to 35+ knots, 5 to 18+ m/s), large open bodies of water and good launch areas are suitable for kitesurfing. Most kitesurfing takes place along ocean shores, usually off beaches …   Wikipedia

  • Oum Errabiaa — Les laveuses de laine. Caractéristiques Longueur 600 km Bassin 32,000 km2 Bassin collecteur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Río Oum Er-Rbia — (o Oum Errabiaa) (أم الربيع) Vista de la ciudad de Azemmour a los pies del río. País que atraviesa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bataille d'Azamor — Histoire du Maroc Antiquité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Election parlementaire de 2007 au Maroc — Élections parlementaires de 2007 au Maroc Maroc Cet article fait partie de la série sur la politique du Maroc, sous série sur la politique. Monarchie …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.